Apache is a freely available UNIX-based Web server. It is currently the most commonly used Web server on the Internet. Find more information about Apache at the Apache Web site at

application firewalling

Novell AppArmor contains applications and limits the actions they are permitted to take. It uses privilege confinement to prevent attackers from using malicious programs on the protected server and even using trusted applications in unintended ways.

attack signature

Pattern in system or network activity that signals a possible virus or hacker attack. Intrusion detection systems might use attack signatures to distinguish between legitimate and potentially malicious activity.

By not relying on attack signatures, Novell AppArmor provides "proactive" instead of "reactive" defense from attacks. This is better because there is no window of vulnerability where the attack signature must be defined for Novell AppArmor as it does for products using attack signatures to secure their networks.


Graphical user interface. Refers to a software front-end meant to provide an attractive and easy-to-use interface between a computer user and application. Its elements include such things as windows, icons, buttons, cursors, and scroll bars.


File name substitution.


Host intrusion prevention. Works with the operating system kernel to block abnormal application behavior in the expectation that the abnormal behavior represents an unknown attack. Blocks malicious packets on the host at the network level before they can hurt the application they target.

mandatory access control

A means of restricting access to objects that is based on fixed security attributes assigned to users, files, and other objects. The controls are mandatory in the sense that they cannot be modified by users or their programs.

profile foundation classes

Profile building blocks needed for common application activities, such as DNS lookup and user authentication.


The RPM Package Manager. An open packaging system available for anyone to use. It works on Red Hat Linux, openSUSE, and other Linux and UNIX systems. It is capable of installing, uninstalling, verifying, querying, and updating computer software packages. See for more information.


Secure Shell. A service that allows you to access your server from a remote computer and issue text commands through a secure connection.

streamlined access control

Novell AppArmor provides streamlined access control for network services by specifying which files each program is allowed to read, write, and execute. This ensures that each program does what it is supposed to do and nothing else.


Universal resource identifier. The generic term for all types of names and addresses that refer to objects on the World Wide Web. A URL is one kind of URI.


Uniform Resource Locator. The global address of documents and other resources on the World Wide Web.

The first part of the address indicates what protocol to use and the second part specifies the IP address or the domain name where the resource is located.

For example, in, http is the protocol to use.


An aspect of a system or network that leaves it open to attack. Characteristics of computer systems that allow an individual to keep it from correctly operating or that allows unauthorized users to take control of the system. Design, administrative, or implementation weaknesses or flaws in hardware, firmware, or software. If exploited, a vulnerability could lead to an unacceptable impact in the form of unauthorized access to information or disruption of critical processing.