1.0 NetWare/Linux Command Map

NetWare administrators who are transitioning servers and services to OES Linux are interested in finding Linux counterparts for their favorite NetWare commands.

Table 1-1 is designed to provide the mapping between NetWare and Linux that you need. Because NetWare and Linux are completely different operating systems, not every NetWare command has a Linux counterpart. However, many of them do, and in those cases where counterparts don’t exist, we have attempted to provide explanations to help you deal with the differences between NetWare and Linux.

For some NetWare commands, the Linux alternative is not available at the command line but is provided by functionality in iManager, Novell Remote Manager (NRM), or YaST. For information on Novell management utilities, see OES Utilities and Tools in the Novell OES SP2 Planning and Implementation Guide

A substantial number of alternatives are also available through YaST (Yet another Setup Tool). YaST is available in both GUI and text versions and is accessed at a Linux shell prompt by entering the yast command. For more information on YaST, see YaST - Configuration in the SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 9 Administration Guide.

For detailed information on the Linux counterparts listed in Table 1-1, access the man pages associated with the command by entering man command at the Linux shell prompt (command console screen), where command is the Linux counterpart command. After reading about the command, type Shift+q to return to the shell prompt.

Table 1-1 NetWare/Linux Command Map

NetWare Command

Purpose

Linux Counterpart

Alternatives and Notes

ABORT REMIRROR

Stop remirroring a logical partition.

 

This functionality is vailable through the nsscon utility on OES Linux.

The nsscon utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Console for OES Linux in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

Activatemodule

Load or start modules that are preloaded by the startup.ncf file or modules that were loaded using the load -s command.

  • chkconfig

By itself, chkconfig lists all the processes available to be loaded at startup and their current state.

Including the name of a service (for example, chkconfig apache2) displays the current state: on means that the service starts with system, off means the service doesn’t start with system, and unknown service means that the service is not installed.

For configuration options, see the chkconfig man page.

ADD NAME SPACE

Add support for storing files for other file systems on a NetWare volume.

  • yast

Access YaST > Network Services

CIFS (Samba), AFP and other protocols are supported by specific RPMs. For more information, see Samba Support in OES in the Novell OES SP2 Planning and Implementation Guide

NFS support is native to Linux volumes.

If you create an NSS volume on Linux, the name space defaults to UNIX. Changing the setting to Long using either nssmu or iManager will improve performance, especially if you plan to store millions of files on the volume.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

ALERT

Manage NetWare® alerts.

 

KDE System Guard includes a Messages sensor you can add to the Worksheet. However, this requires that the KDE GUI is installed and running on the server, which consumes system resources.

ALIAS

Define an alias.

  • alias

For more information, see the alias man page.

ARP

Display and modify the ARP table.

  • arp

For more information, see the arp man page.

BASH

Use a BASH shell, including a variety of useful system utilities, on NetWare.

 

The Bourne Again SHell is the default command line interface on most Linux systems.

BIND

Link a communication protocol to a network board and its LAN driver.

  • ethtool
  • mii-tool
  • ifconfig

‘For more information, see the man page associated with each command.

CDDVD

Allow a CD or DVD disk to function as a Novell® Storage Services (NSS) volume.

 

Support for CDs and DVDs is loaded automatically on Linux. However, removable media cannot be accessed as NSS volumes on OES Linux.

CHARSET

Change the code page currently used by the NetWare server.

  • yast

Similar functionality is available in YaST > System > Language and System > Keyboard Layout options.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

CLEAR STATION

Clear a workstation connection to a NetWare server.

 

There is no single command to do this. You must discover how users are connected to the server and then stop the processes associated with those connections.

For example, use the ps command with the U option to list processes for the user, and then use kill to stop the root process for the user.

CLS

Clear the console screen and move the console prompt to the top of the screen.

  • clear

For more information, see the clear man page.

CLUSTER . . .

Manage clusters.

 

Similar commands are provided for functionality that is currently supported on OES Linux.

For details, see Novell Cluster Services Console Command in the Cluster Services Administration Guide for OES Linux.

COMPFIX

Repair compressed volumes.

  • compfix

compfix is available starting with OES SP2.

For more information, see the compfix man page.

CONFIG

View the following:

 

There is no single equivalent command. However, some of the same information is available through specific Linux commands.

 

NetWare server name

  • hostname
  • cat /etc/hostname

For more information, see the man pages associated with the hostname and cat commands.

The server name also appears at the shell prompt by default.

 

Internal network number (server ID)

 

There is no internal network number on Linux.

 

Server up time

  • uptime

For more information, see the uptime man page.

 

Loaded LAN drivers

  • lsmod
  • ifconfig

lsmod lists modules loaded in memory, but not the module versions.

ifconfig shows the network card configuration.

 

Driver version numbers

  • modinfo
  • dmesg
  • /var/log/boot.msg

For more information, see the man pages associated with each command.

 

Hardware settings

  • lsmod
  • ifconfig

lsmod lists modules loaded in memory, but not the version.

ifconfig shows the network card configuration.

 

Node (station) addresses

  • ifconfig

In the future, ip will replace this command.

 

External network number of the cabling scheme

 

 

 

Board name

  • yast

This information is available in YaST > Hardware > Hardware Information.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

 

Frame type

 

 

 

Networking protocol for each network board

 

 

 

Server’s eDirectory tree and bindery context

  • ndsstat

 

CONLOG

Capture and log console messages.

  • cat /varlog/messages

Ctrl+F10 shows the console log in real time.

CPUCHECK

Display processor information.

  • cat /proc/cpuinfo

 

CX

View or change the eDirectory™ context.

 

Use iManager to view the tree.

DISABLE LOGIN

Prevent users from logging in.

 

You can’t disable only the login function for externally defined (eDirectory) users.

For local users, this is commonly done by changing the login shell to /bin/false.

Dismount

Make a volume unavailable to users.

  • umount

umount lets you unmount Linux volume mount points.

For NCP volumes, use ncpcon.

Display Environment

Display current search paths and current values of settable server parameters.

 

 

DISPLAY INTERRUPTS

Display hardware interrupt information.

  • yast

Hardware information for each component is available in YaST > Hardware > Hardware Information.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

DISPLAY IPX NETWORKS

DISPLAY IPX SERVERS

 

 

IPX is a legacy NetWare protocol that will not be ported to OES Linux.

DISPLAY MODIFIED ENVIRONMENT

Display all non-default server parameter settings.

 

Similar functionality is not available on OES Linux.

DISPLAY PROCESSORS

Display the status of available server processors.

  • cat /proc/cpuinfo

For more information, see the cat man page.

Down

Execute an orderly shutdown.

  • init 0
  • shutdown now

For more information, see the respective man pages.

DSDiag

Document eDirectory; check tree health; diagnose problems.

 

This functionality is provided through iMonitor.

DSMerge

Merge and rename eDirectory trees; display time synchronization information for all servers in a tree.

  • ndsmerge

For more information, see the ndsmerge man page.

See also iMonitor.

DSRepair

Maintain and repair the database of a Novell eDirectory tree.

  • ndsrepair

For more information, see the ndsrepair man page.

See also iMonitor.

DTRACE

A menu-driven trace utility for U.S. Robotics* ISDN Allegra adapters.

This is not DSTRACE.

EDIRUTIL

Access all of the eDirectory backend utilities remotely as well as on the server.

  • edirutil

For more information, enter edirutil -h.

EDIT

Create or modify a text file on a boot, DOS, USB, or NetWare partition.

  • vi
  • vim

For help, enter vi -h, or man vim.

ENABLE LOGIN

Reenable the login function after using DISABLE LOGIN. Enable the supervisor account (bindery only) when the account has been locked by the intruder detection function.

See DISABLE LOGIN.

FILER (In DOS from a Novell Client)

Manage files and directories in the file system.

 

Filer is a legacy DOS-based tool. There are numerous shell commands for managing (copying, deleting, moving, etc.) files.

FLAG (In DOS from a Novell Client)

View or modify file and directory attributes, owner, etc.

  • chmod (Linux only)
  • attrib (NSS only)
  • nssmu (NSS only)

You can also use iManager for this.

Understanding and working with Linux file attributes and ownership mechanisms requires training beyond the scope of this guide.

Format

Format a local FAT volume.

  • makefs

Use NSSMU or the iManager Storage plug-in to create NSS volumes that are managed by EVMS.

You can use makefs to create NSS volumes on devices that are managed by non-EVMS volume managers, but some limitations apply for NSS features that depend on EVMS.

HELP

View descriptions and syntax for commands.

  • man command

 

Hidescreen

Hide a screen for a utility that is running at the server console.

 

You can redirect output from the utility to null. However, this is not recommended.

ICAPTURE (DOS)

Capture LPT ports and redirect the output to iPrint printers.

 

This command applies to legacy NetWare printing.

iPrint is OES printing solution.

ICE

Import/Export LDIF files; migrate LDAP data; compare and update schemas; load information into eDirectory using a template.

  • ice

 

IFCONFIG

Configure network interface parameters.

  • ifconfig
  • ethtool
  • mii-tool
  • yast

The ifconfig command performs some configuration of network cards, but the changes are not permanent.

Instead, use ethtool for modifications on the fly, mii-tool for older cards. Or use YaST to configure network cards permanently.

iMonitor

Monitor eDirectory and the servers it contains using a Web browser.

 

In a Web browser go to http://server_name:8008.

iMonitor is also accessible through iManager > Roles and Tasks icon > eDirectory Maintenance > Repair via iMonitor

INETCFG

Set up and customize your internetworking configuration for IPXTM, IP, and AppleTalk*.

  • ethtool
  • mii-tool

For more information, see the respective man pages.

INITIALIZE SYSTEM

Enable the multiprotocol router configuration (execute the system NETINFO.CFG file).

  • rcnetwork start
  • yast

For help, enter rcnetwork -h.

Routing is configured through YaST.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

IPRNTCMD (DOS workstation)

Install, remove, or set a printer as the default printer.

 

This is a DOS printing command.

iPrint is the OES printing solution.

IPXCON, IPXPING, IPXS

 

 

IPX is a legacy NetWare protocol and will not be ported to OES Linux.

JAVA

Start the Novell® JVM for NetWare® product. .

  • java

For more information, see the java man page.

KEYB

Change the console keyboard type.

  • yast

You can change keyboard and language settings in YaST.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

KF8

Enable or disables pausing between commands executed from NCF files.

 

There is no simple command or switch to enable pausing in script file execution.

LANGUAGE

Set the language for subsequently loaded modules.

  • yast

All language settings are managed using YaST.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

LFVMOUNT

Mount all local FAT volumes not recognized by DOS and assign them a local drive letter.

  • mount

Parameters specified with the mount command determine the file systems mounted and attributes associated with the file systems.

Drive letters are not used on Linux.

For more information, see the mount man page.

LFVOLUMES

Display a list of local FAT volumes currently mounted.

  • mount

Used alone, the mount command shows the currently mounted volumes.

LIST DEVICES

Display a list of the storage devices on the server and register new devices with the server’s Media Manager database.

  • cat /dev/device
  • ls /dev
  • yast

Linux has many devices, each of which contains information you can view by “walking the /proc file system.”

Understanding Linux devices and the information displayed requires training beyond of the scope of this guide.

You can also display partitions in YaST > System > Partitioner, but be careful to exit without making changes.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

LIST STORAGE ADAPTERS

Display a list of registered storage adapters.

  • hwinfo --storage-ctrl

The same comments apply as for LIST DEVICES above.

LIST STORAGE DEVICE BINDINGS

List all Custom Device Modules (CDMs) bound to a particular device.

 

CDM drivers are unique to the NetWare architecture.

LOAD

Link loadable modules (NLMs) to the operating system.

 

Load and run commands are not used on Linux. Generally, to execute files, you simply enter the filename or path/filename.

Most services are run from the /etc/init.d directory.

Loggerpath

Change the directory where the logger.txt file is saved.

 

The log path is hardcoded in Linux.to /var/log/messages.

However, some service configuration files include configuration settings that let you change the log path.

Loggersave

Save the logger screen buffer to the logger.txt file.

 

Everything gets written to /var/log/messages, unless a specific service configuration file dictates otherwise.

LOGIN (DOS workstation)

Access the network by logging in to a server and running a login script.

 

Login on Linux is a different concept than on NetWare. You log in to a shell session with the server, which is analagous to accessing the console prompt on a NetWare server.

LOGOUT (DOS workstation)

Exit the network or log out of servers.

 

The same comments apply as for LOGIN (DOS workstation) above.

MAGAZINE

Respond to the screen prompts Insert Magazine and Remove Magazine.

 

There is no directly corresponding utility

MAP (DOS workstation)

View drive mappings; Create or change network or search drive mappings; Map a drive to a fake root directory (for applications that must use a root directory)

 

The mount command used alone shows both local and remote mount points—the connections between file systems (either local or remote) and a directory on the server. You access the file system (local or remote) by accessing the local directory.

Drive letters are not used on Linux. However, if you install the NCP server, Novell Clients can then map drives to NCP volumes on OES Linux servers.

MEDIA

Respond to the screen prompts Insert Media and Remove Media.

 

On Linux, all media connections, including remote connections and removable media, are handled through the mount command.

Memory

Display the total amount of installed memory that the operating system can address.

  • top
  • cat /proc/meminfo

There’s no memory command per se on Linux. However, the top command will give a good start on what’s installed, available, being used by buffers, etc.

If you want to see a GUI display, You must be running the KDE graphical interface and use KDE System Guard.

Memory Map

Display the amount of memory (in bytes) allocated to DOS and to the server.

  • top

You can also view memory information in Novell Remote Manager (NRM). To access NRM in your Web browser, go to http://server_name:8008 > Manage Linux > View Memory Information.

There is, of course, no memory allocated to DOS when Linux is running, even if there’s a separate DOS partition on the hard drive.

MIRROR STATUS

View the status of mirrored disk partitionsView the percentage of mirrored data on each partition

 

This functionality is vailable through the nsscon utility on OES Linux.

The nsscon utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Console for OES Linux in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

MODULES

Display a list of currently loaded modules (NLMs).

  • lsmod for kernel modules
  • ps -eaf

Use lsmod to view kernel modules.

For more information, see the lsmod man page, or enter ps -?.

MONITOR

View server statistics and activity

 

Most of the information you get traditionally through MONITOR is available in Novell Remote Manager (NRM). To access NRM, browse to http://server_name:8008 in your Web browser.

 

General Information Options:

 

 

 

Operating system version and date

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Server server name on network tree name

  • ndsstat

For more information, see the ndsstat man page.

Also see the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Utilization

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Server Up Time

  • uptime

For more information, see the uptime man page.

Also see the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Online Processors

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Original Cache Buffers

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

You can also enter cat /proc/mem/meminfo at the shell prompt to get some of this.

 

Total Cache Buffers

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Dirty Cache Buffers

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Long Term Cache Hits

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Current Disk Requests

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Packet Receive Buffers

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Directory Cache Buffers

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Maximum Service Processes

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Current Service Processes

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

The information is presented differently on Linux, but it is there.

 

Current Connections

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Open Files

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Available Options:

 

 

 

Connections

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Storage Devices

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

You can see local, but not unallocated file systems.

 

Volumes

  • ncpcon

For more information, see the ncpcon man page.

 

LAN/WAN Drivers

  • lsmod

For more information, see the lsmod man page.

 

Loaded Modules

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

File Open/Lock Activity

 

 

 

Disk Cache Utilization

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

System Resources

 

 

 

Virtual Memory

 

 

 

Kernel

 

See the Novell Remote Manager Administration Guide for Linux for OES.

 

Server Parameters

 

Linux doesn’t have server parameters.

MOUNT

Make a volume available to users.

  • mount (for traditional Linux volumes)
  • nsscon (use the mount option for NSS volumes)
  • nssmu (for the first mount of encrypted NSS volumes after a reboot)

For NSS volumes, in nssmu, select volumes, then press F7.

For encrypted NSS volumes, the nssmu utility is required for mounting the encrypted volume on the first mount following a system reboot because you must enter the encryption password to activate the volume. Thereafter, you can use the mount command in nsscon.

The nsscon utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Console for OES Linux in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

The nssmu utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Management Utility in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

NAME

Display the server name.

  • hostname

The server name appears at the shell prompt by default.

You can also view the contents of the /etc/hosts file by entering cat /etc/hosts at the shell prompt.

NCMCON

Control and monitor PCI Hot Plug.

 

Hot Plug monitoring is available for only some hardware. Messages are commonly logged in /var/log/messages.

NCOPY

Specify your intention for copying a compressed file to a compressed volume or a non-compressed volume.

 

There is no equivalent on OES Linux.

NCS Debug

Save a record of all NCS port activity in an ASCII text file named NCSTRACE.LOG in the sys:system directory.

 

See Novell Cluster Services Console Commands in the Cluster Services Administration Guide for OES Linux.

NDIR

View file attributes and compression information for all files in a directory..

  • ls

For more information, see the ls man page.

NETSTAT

Monitor the network status..

  • netstat

For more information, see the netstat man page.

Nslookup

Diagnose DNS setup problems or DNS problems in an application.

  • dig

The nslookup command has been deprecated on Linux.

NSS

Manage NSS at the command line.

  • nsscon

The nsscon utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Console for OES Linux in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

NSSMU

Manage NSS storage media on a server.

  • nssmu

The nssmu utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Management Utility in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

NSWEB

Start and stop the NetWare Web Manager and NetWare Enterprise Web Server.

 

NetWare Web Manager is not available on Linux.

NVXADM

Start and stop the NetWare Web Manager.

 

NetWare Web Manager is not available on Linux.

NVXWEB

Start and stop the NetWare Web Manager.

 

NetWare Web Manager is not available on Linux.

NWCONFIG

Manage the server and install additional products.

  • yast

YaST is the tool for installing OES Linux and OES services. Many configuration parameters are similar to NetWare.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

NWPING

Ping a remote host from a NetWare server.

  • ping

For more information, see the ping man page.

NWTrace

Print the route that packets take to the network host..

  • traceroute

For more information, see the traceroute man page.

PING

Send an Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) echo request packet to an IP node on your internetwork..

  • ping

For more information, see the ping man page.

PPPCON

View Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) interface configuration and statistical information.

  • yast

Point-to-Point interfaces are configured in YaST > Network Devices.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

PPPTRACE

Debug PPP data link problems.

 

This is a NetWare utility that is not ported to Linux.

PROTECT

Load NLM™ programs into a protected address space.

 

Protected address space is a NetWare concept.

PROTECTION

Display a list of protected address spaces, or add/remove/restart functionality from an existing address space.

 

Protected address space is a NetWare concept.

PROTOCOL

View the protocols registered; register additional protocols and frame types.

  • ifconfig

For more information, see the ifconfig man page.

PSERVER

Monitor and manage printers and print queues (legacy).

 

This is for managing legacy NetWare printing.

iPrint is the OES printing solution.

RCONAG6

Allow remote console access to the server.

 

Novell Remote Manager has a secure console.

You can also use SSH (or VNC for GUI access).

Telnet is not secure and therefore not recommended.

RCONPRXY

Allow RConsoleJ to access target servers.

 

Novell Remote Manager has a secure console.

You can also use SSH (or VNC for GUI access).

Telnet is not secure and therefore not recommended.

RConsoleJ

Remotely control a NetWare server.

 

Novell Remote Manager has a secure console.

You can also use SSH (or VNC for GUI access).

Telnet is not secure and therefore not recommended.

REBUILD

Recover corrupted Novell Storage Services (NSS) pools.

  • ravsui
  • ravview
  • fsck

The ravsui and ravview utilities are installed as part of Novell Storage Services NSS.

Use ravsui to rebuild or verify an NSS pool on Linux that is in a maintenance state.

Use ravview to dump specified NSS rebuild or verify files to a human-readable file format.

For help with ravsui and ravview, use the -h option. For more information about fsck, see the fsck man page.

RECORD

Record command sequences that you enter at the console over and over.

 

Similar functionality is available through shell scripting, a topic that is beyond the scope of this guide.

Register Memory

Configure the operating system to recognize installed memory above the amount of memory that is automatically registered.

 

This is NetWare functionality that doesn’t apply to Linux.

REINITIALIZE SYSTEM

Enable configuration changes made since the commands in the netinfo.cfg file were executed.

  • rcnetwork restart

For help, enter rcnetwork -h at the shell prompt.

REMIRROR PARTITION

Start the remirroring of a logical NSS partition.

 

This functionality is vailable through the nsscon utility on OES Linux.

The nsscon utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Console for OES Linux in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

REMOVE NETWORK ADAPTER

Unload one LAN driver when the LAN driver has been loaded multiple times to support multiple boards.

 

On Linux it is common for drivers to support multiple instances of hardware. Loading is done only once and removal should not be necessary.

REMOVE NETWORK INTERFACE

Unload one frame type when there are multiple frame types loaded with one LAN driver.

  • ip

For more information, see the ip man page.

Remove Storage Adapter

Remove one instance of a storage driver.

 

Although rmmod module_name will unload a kernel module, this is not recommended.

On Linux it is common for drivers to support multiple instances of hardware. Loading is done only once and removal should not be necessary.

Removemodule

Remove modules that are preloaded by the startup.ncf file or modules that were loaded using the load -s command.

  • chkconfig

For more information, see the chkconfig man page.

REPLACE

Unload and reload a specific module in one step.

 

Performing an equivalent action on Linux can prevent the system from running. Not recommended.

REPLAY

Execute a list of commands that were recorded in and saved in a session using the RECORD command.

 

This is related to the comment for the RECORD utility. Using your chosen shell script methods, run the script you have created.

RESET ENVIRONMENT

Reset server parameters that have been modified to their default values.

 

This is NetWare functionality that is available for selected services in YaST but not at the shell prompt.

RESET NETWORK ADAPTER

Reset a network adapter manually.

  • ifdown
  • ifup

For more information, see the respective man pages.

RESET NETWORK INTERFACE

Restart a logical board that has been shut down using the SHUTDOWN NETWORK INTERFACE command.

  • ifdown
  • ifup

For more information, see the respective man pages.

RESET ROUTER

Reset the router table in the server if the table becomes inaccurate or corrupted.

  • rcnetwork restart
  • yast

For help with rcnetwork, enter rcnetwork -h at the shell prompt.

For help with YaST, enter yast -h at the shell prompt.

RESET SERVER

Bring down the server and then restart it immediately.

  • init 6
  • shutdown -r now

For more information, see the respective man pages.

Restart Server

Bring down the server and then restart it immediately.

  • init 6
  • shutdown -r now

For more information, see the respective man pages.

RIGHTS

View or modify user or group rights for files, directories, and volumes.

  • rights

The rights command works only on NSS file systems.

ROUTE

Pass frames (packets) from NetWare through IBM*-compatible source route bridges.

  • route

For more information, see the route man page.

ROUTECON

Manipulate the routing tables manually.

  • route

For more information, see the route man page.

SCAN ALL

Scan all LUNs of all SCSI adapters in the server or all LUNs associated with a designated SCSI adapter.

  • iscsi*

iscsi support is not installed by default.

After installing, type man iscsi and press the Tab key to view the related commands.

SCAN FOR NEW DEVICES

Scan on LUN0 of SCSI adapters and to register new devices with the Media Manager so that they are available to the operating system.

 

iscsi support is not installed by default.

After installing, type man iscsi and press the Tab key to view the related commands.

Any EVMS-managed devices that are added after the server boots can be scanned using iManager > Storage > Scan for Devices.

SCRSAVER

Lock the server console and to activate a screen saver for the console display.

 

There are no screen savers associated with shell sessions on Linux. You should simply close any shell sessions you do not want to have open, using the exit command.

SEARCH

Specify search paths for NLM and .ncf files; add/delete search paths; view current search paths.

  • export

Modify the PATH and export it.

For more information, see the export man page.

SECURE CONSOLE

Prevent NLMs from being loaded from any directory other than the boot directories; prevent keyboard entry into the operating system debugger; prevent the server date and time from being changed

 

The concept of securing the console through a command doesn’t exist in Linux.

You should always limit physical and remote access to the Linux console and never leave a root session open.

Server

 

 

This is roughly equivalent to the running Linux kernel. There is no direct equivalent.

Linux boots using the GRUB boot manager. There is no direct connection between Linux and a bootable DOS partition (if present)

SET

View and configure operating system parameters.

 

There is no direct map to the concept of SET parameters in Linux.

You can set environment variables using the export command. For more information, see the export man page.

To make configurations persistent, you must edit the config file associated with the service.

Showscreen

Restore a screen that has been hidden by the Hidescreen command..

 

As with Hidescreen, there is no Linux equivalent.

SHUTDOWN NETWORK INTERFACE

Shut down a logical board without removing its resources.

  • ifdown

For more information, see the ifdown man page.

SPEED

Display the speed at which the processor is running.

  • cat /proc/cpuinfo

For more information, see the cat man page.

SPFCON, SPXCONFG, SPXS

 

 

SPX is a legacy NetWare-only protocol.

START PROCESSORS

Start one or more secondary processors when the server is running on a multiprocessor computer.

 

Control of individual processors is not available as part of OES Linux.

STOP PROCESSORS

Stop one or more secondary processors in a multiprocessor computer..

 

Control of individual processors is not available as part of OES Linux.

SWAP

Display information about swap files, add or delete swap files, and specify the parameters of swap files.

  • mkswap
  • swapon
  • swapoff

For more information, see the respective man pages.

_TCP

Monitor TCP/IP activity and connection status.

  • tcpdump

For more information, see the tcpdump man page.

TCPCON

Monitor TCP/IP activity, configuration and statistics information, known routes, trap log.

Use SNMP to access TCP/IP information in any remote protocol stack supporting the TCP/IP Management Information Base (MIB).

  • netstat

For more information, see the netstat man page.

TECHWALK

Record NetWare® configuration information.

 

Similar functionality is not available as part of OES Linux.

TIME

Display date and time, Daylight saving time status, and Time synchronization information

  • date

For more information, see the date man page.

TIMESYNC

 

 

Timesync is a NetWare time protocol that is compatible with and being replaced by NTP.

TLI

Provide Transport Level Interface (TLI) communication services.

 

This command is not ported to OES Linux.

TPING

Send an ICMP echo request packet to an IP node on your internetwork.

  • ping

For more information, see the ping man page.

TRACK OFF

Prevent the server from displaying the RIP Tracking Screen.

 

RIP tracking is a NetWare concept that is not relevant to OES Linux.

TRACK ON

View the RIP Tracking Screen and make it the active screen.

 

RIP tracking is a NetWare concept that is not relevant to OES Linux.

UNBIND

Remove a communication protocol from the LAN driver of a network board; disable communication on a specific board

  • ifdown

For more information, see the ifdown man page.

UNLOAD

Unload a module that was previously loaded with the LOAD command

 

For OES services, use the service’s stop script: /etc/init.d/service stop.

UPS_AIO

Provide the software link between your server and the UPS.

 

Support is hardware-specific. See man apcupsd in the apcpupsd package.

VERIFY

Validate all blocks in an NSS pool.

  • ravsui verify poolname
  • ravview

The ravsui and ravview utilities are installed as part of Novell Storage Services NSS.

Use the ravsui utility to find out whether you need to rebuild a pool to correct NSS volume problems.

Use ravview to view the output.

For help, enter one of the commands with the -h option.

VERSION

View the file server version, license information, and copyright notice from the System prompt.

  • uname -a
  • ndsstat

For more information on the uname command, see the uname man page.

For help with ndsstat, enter the command with the -h option.

VIEW

View a file from the NetWare® server console.

  • cat

For more information, see the cat man page.

VOLUME

List mounted volumes..

  • mount

The mount command displays a list of all available file systems, both local and remote.

The volume command in the nsscon utility list the NSS volumes on OES Linux.

The nsscon utility is installed with the Novell Storage Services RPMs and is documented in NSS Console for OES Linux in the Novell Storage Services File System Administration Guide for OES.

VREPAIR

Correct volume problems on NetWare Traditional volumes; remove name space entries from Directory Entry Tables

  • fsck

For more information, see the fsck man page.

XLOG

Diagnose ISDN-related connection problems with Eicon* Technology ISDN adapters..

 

This command is not ported to OES Linux.

XNTPD

Synchronize time with servers that are NTPv3 compliant..

  • xntpd

For more information, see the xntpd man page.