15.5 Configuring the DST Pool Cluster Resource with a Cluster-Enabled Pool and a Shared Pool

An alternate way to set up the DST pool cluster resource is to cluster-enable the primary pool, then create a shared pool that is not cluster-enabled as the secondary location. You manually modify the primary cluster pool resource scripts with the commands needed to load and unload the secondary pool and volume. The primary pool cluster resource manages the two pools and volumes. The NCP Server object’s name for the secondary volume keeps the hostname of the node where it was created.

The advantage of creating one clustered pool and one shared-but-not-cluster-enabled pool are:

There disadvantages of this approach are:

IMPORTANT:After you modify the primary pool cluster resource, you use the resource to manage the secondary pool and volume.

Use the information in the following sections to set up the DST pool cluster resource.

15.5.1 Overview of the Pool Cluster Resource and Shared Pool

For this method, you need two NSS volumes: one in a clustered-enabled pool and one in a pool that is shared, but not cluster-enabled. For instructions for creating the cluster-enabled pool and the primary NSS volume, see Configuring and Managing Cluster Resources for Shared NSS Pools and Volumes in the OES 11 SP2: Novell Cluster Services for Linux Administration Guide.

To create the secondary shared pool, see Section 15.5.3, Creating a Shared Pool and Volume that Are Not Cluster-Enabled.

The cluster load scripts elsewhere in this section assume the following setup for NSS volumes in the clustered DST volume pair. Ensure that you use the actual information from your setup.

Parameter

Primary Cluster Resource

Secondary Shared Pool

Server hostname for node 1

server38

server38

Cluster server name for node 1

NCS1

NCS1

Pool name

POOL1

ARCPOOL1

NSS volume name

VOL1

ARCVOL1

Cluster resource virtual server name

NCS1-POOL1-SERVER

None

Cluster resource IP address

10.10.10.38

You use the IP address for the primary pool’s cluster resource for the shadow volume.

None

Volume ID

254

Automatically assigned when you create the volume locally

When the primary volume has a state of Shadowed, its NCP volume ID represents the DST shadow volume pair of volumes. A separate NCP volume ID is not assigned to the secondary volume while the volume is in the shadow volume relationship. You use only the ID on the primary volume in the ncpcon mount command in the cluster resource load script.

IMPORTANT:In the cluster load and unload scripts, the add_secondary_ipaddress and del_secondary_ipaddress commands refer to the cluster resource’s IP address that is “secondary” to the node’s actual IP address. It is not related to the DST volume’s terminology.

15.5.2 Viewing the Scripts for Pool Cluster Resource

After you create a clustered pool, view the scripts.

  1. In iManager, select Clusters, then select My Clusters.

  2. Select the name link of the cluster you want to manage.

    If the cluster is not in your customized list, you can add it now. Click Add, browse to select the cluster, then click OK.

  3. On the Cluster Manager page, click the Name link of the primary cluster resource to go to the Cluster Pool Properties page, then click the Scripts tab view the load, unload, and monitor scripts.

    The following table provides sample load, unload, and monitor scripts for the POOL1-SERVER resource for the primary clustered pool named POOL1. Novell CIFS can be configured as an advertising protocol when you set up the primary cluster pool.

    Primary Pool Cluster Resource Scripts

    Load Script

    #!/bin/bash
    . /opt/novell/ncs/lib/ncsfuncs
    
    exit_on_error nss /poolact=POOL1
    
    exit_on_error ncpcon mount VOL1=254
    
    exit_on_error add_secondary_ipaddress 10.10.10.38
    exit_on_error ncpcon bind --ncpservername=NCS1-POOL1-SERVER --ipaddress=10.10.10.38
    
    #This line is added if Novell CIFS is used as an advertising protocol
    #exit_on_error novcifs --add ’--vserver=".cn=NCS1-POOL1-SERVER.ou=ncs.o=novell.t=AVALON_TREE."’ 
             --ip-addr=10.10.10.38
    
    exit 0
    

    Unload Script

    #!/bin/bash
    . /opt/novell/ncs/lib/ncsfuncs
    
    #This line is added if Novell CIFS is used as an advertising protocol
    #ignore_error novcifs --remove --vserver=virtualserverFDN --ip-addr=virtualserverip 
    i
    ignore_error ncpcon unbind --ncpservername=NCS1-POOL1-SERVER --ipaddress=10.10.10.38
    ignore_error del_secondary_ipaddress 10.10.10.38
    
    ignore_error nss /pooldeact=POOL1
    
    exit 0
    

    Monitor Script

    #!/bin/bash
    . /opt/novell/ncs/lib/ncsfuncs
    
    exit_on_error status_fs /dev/pool/POOL1 /opt/novell/nss/mnt/.pools/POOL1 nsspool
    
    exit_on_error status_secondary_ipaddress 10.10.10.38
    
    exit_on_error ncpcon volume VOL1
    
    exit_on_error rcnovell-cifs monitor
    
    exit 0
    
  4. At the bottom of the Scripts page, click Cancel to return to the Cluster Manager page.

  5. Continue with Section 15.5.3, Creating a Shared Pool and Volume that Are Not Cluster-Enabled.

15.5.3 Creating a Shared Pool and Volume that Are Not Cluster-Enabled

  1. On the server where the primary pool cluster resource is assigned, log in as the root user.

  2. Open a terminal console, and enter nssmu to open the NSS Management Utility.

  3. From the NSSMU main menu, select Devices to go to the Device Management page.

  4. Ensure that the device you want to use as the secondary location is available but is not currently shared.

    Do not mark the device as shareable at this time. If devices are present but not showing up for creating pools and volumes, you should initialize the disk.

  5. From the NSSMU main menu, select Pools to go to the Pools Management page.

  6. Create a pool on the device.

    Because the device is not yet shared, the Cluster Information page is not part of the pool setup process.

  7. From the NSSMU main menu, select Volumes to go to the Volumes Management page.

  8. Create a volume on the pool.

  9. Exit NSSMU.

  10. In a web browser, open Novell Remote Manager for the server, then log in as the root user.

  11. In Novell Remote Manager, disable the NCP/NSS Bindings for the NSS volume you created in Step 8.

    For instructions, see Section 10.5.1, Disabling the NCP/NSS Bindings for an NSS Volume.

    The NSS volume is removed from the list of volumes mounted in NCP. However, if you exit Novell Remote Manager and check the volume in NSSMU, you can see that it is still mounted by NSS.

  12. Exit Novell Remote Manager.

  13. At a command prompt, launch NSSMU.

    nssmu
    
  14. In the NSSMU main menu, select Devices.

  15. Select the device that contains the secondary NSS pool and volume, then press F6 to mark the device as Shareable for Clustering.

    This automatically changes the share status of all pools on the device to Shareable for Clustering.

  16. In NSSMU, select Pools from the main menu.

  17. Verify that the share status of the pool is Shareable for Clustering.

  18. Exit NSSMU.

  19. Continue with Section 15.5.4, Adding Commands for the Secondary Shared Pool and Volume to the Primary Pool Cluster Resource.

15.5.4 Adding Commands for the Secondary Shared Pool and Volume to the Primary Pool Cluster Resource

Initially, you have a load, unload, and monitor script for the primary pool cluster resource. You modify these scripts to also manage the secondary shared pool and volume so that the NSS volumes in the DST shadow volume pair can fail over or be cluster migrated together.

  1. In iManager, dismount the secondary volume and deactivate the shared pool.

    1. Select Storage > Volumes.

    2. Click the Object browser, then locate and select the server where the secondary pool is active.

    3. Select the secondary volume, then click Dismount.

    4. Select Storage > Pools.

    5. Select the secondary pool, then click Deactivate.

  2. In iManager, select Clusters, then select My Clusters.

  3. Select the name link of the cluster you want to manage.

  4. Offline the primary cluster resource.

    1. On the Cluster Manager page, select the check box next to the resource.

    2. Click Offline.

  5. Click the name link of the primary pool cluster resource to view its Cluster Pool Properties page, then click the Scripts tab.

  6. On the Scripts > Load Script page, modify the load script for the primary cluster resource.

    Use the following sample load script as a guide for where to add the lines for each of the items.

    Sample DST Pool Resource Load Script

    #!/bin/bash
    . /opt/novell/ncs/lib/ncsfuncs
    
    # activate the secondary pool
    exit_on_error nss /poolact=ARCPOOL1
    
    # activate the primary pool
    exit_on_error nss /poolact=POOL1
    
    # Optional delay to allow time for pools to activate before mounting the volume
    sleep 10
    
    #comment out the original volume mount command
    #exit_on_error ncpcon mount VOL1=254
    
    # Use the ncpcon mount command to create the shadow volume on mount
    exit_on_error ncpcon mount VOL1=254,shadowvolume=ARCVOL1
    
    exit_on_error add_secondary_ipaddress 10.10.10.38
    
    exit_on_error ncpcon bind --ncpservername=NCS1-POOL1-SERVER --ipaddress=10.10.10.38
    
    #This line is added if Novell CIFS is used as an advertising protocol
    #exit_on_error novcifs --add ’--vserver=".cn=NCS1-POOL1-SERVER.ou=ncs.o=novell.t=AVALON_TREE."’ 
             --ip-addr=10.10.10.38
    
    # If shadowfs is used, wait for shadowfs to start 
    #for (( c=1; c<=10; c++ )) do 
    # if [ ! -d /media/shadowfs/VOLUME/._NETWARE ]; then sleep 5; fi 
    #done 
    
    exit 0
    
    1. Add a line before the primary pool activation that will activate the secondary pool.

      exit_on_error nss /poolact=ARCPOOL1
      
    2. (Optional) Add a sleep command after the pool activation commands to allow both pools time to be activated before you mount the shadow volume pair.

      For example:

      sleep 10
      

      Vary the time (in seconds) according to what is needed for your system.

      IMPORTANT:If wait times are added to the load script or unload script, ensure that you increase the script timeout settings accordingly. Otherwise, the script might time out while you are waiting for the action.

    3. Comment out (or remove) the individual mount command for the primary NSS volume by placing a pound sign (#) at the beginning of the line.

      For example:

      #exit_on_error ncpcon mount VOL1=254
      
    4. Add the mount command for the shadow volume to the primary load script.

      exit_on_error ncpcon mount VOL1=254,shadowvolume=ARCVOL1
      
    5. (Optional) If you are using shadowfs to provide the merged file tree view for SMB/CIFS users or for Linux services like rsync, you must allow time in the load script after mounting the shadow volume to allow shadowfs to become active before continuing.

      IMPORTANT:Do not perform this step if you are using Novell CIFS to provide access to CIFS users.

      Use one of the following approaches to add a wait time:

      • Add a sleep 10 command after mount command, and vary it manually until it allows sufficient wait time for shadowfs to start.

        # If shadowfs is used, wait for shadowfs to start
        sleep 10
        
      • Add a script that varies the wait time by checking to ensure that shadowfs is started.

        For example:

        # If shadowfs is used, wait for shadowfs to start
        for (( c=1; c<=10; c++ )) do
         if [ ! -d /media/shadowfs/VOLUME/._NETWARE ]; then sleep 5; fi
        done 
        

      IMPORTANT:If wait times are added to the load script or unload script, ensure that you increase the script timeout settings accordingly. Otherwise, the script might time out while you are waiting for the action.

    6. Click Apply to save your changes.

      The changes to the script do not take effect until the cluster resource is taken offline and brought online.

  7. On the Scripts > Unload Script page, modify the unload script for the primary cluster resource.

    Use the following sample unload script as a guide for where to add the lines for each of the items.

    Sample DST Pool Resource Unload Script

    #!/bin/bash
    . /opt/novell/ncs/lib/ncsfuncs
    
    # This line is added if Novell CIFS is used as an advertising protocol
    #ignore_error novcifs --remove ’--vserver=".cn=NCS1-POOL1-SERVER.ou=ncs.o=novell.t=AVALON_TREE."’ --ip-addr=10.10.10.38 
    
    # If shadowfs is used, unload the volume in FUSE 
    #ignore_error fusermount -u /media/shadowfs/VOL1
    
    ignore_error ncpcon unbind --ncpservername=NCS1-POOL1-SERVER --ipaddress=10.10.10.38
    
    ignore_error del_secondary_ipaddress 10.10.10.38
    
    # Deactivate the primary pool
    ignore_error nss /pooldeact=POOL1
    
    # Deactivate the secondary pool
    ignore_error nss /pooldeact=ARCPOOL1
    
    exit 0
    
    1. If you use shadowfs to provide a merged file tree view to Samba users or for Linux file protocols, you must unmount the FUSE-mounted file systems that are displayed in the /media/shadowfs/VOLUME directory.

      Add the following line before the unbind command in the unload script:

      #unload the volume in FUSE
      ignore_error fusermount -u /media/shadowfs/VOLUME
      
    2. Add the following command to dismount the secondary pool after the command to dismount the primary pool.

      ignore_error nss /pooldeact=ARCPOOL1
      
    3. Click Apply to save your changes.

      The changes to the script do not take effect until the cluster resource is taken offline and brought online.

  8. On the Scripts > Monitor Script page, modify the monitor script for the primary cluster resource.

    Use the following sample monitor script as a guide for where to add the lines for each of the items.

    Sample DST Pool Resource Monitor Script

    #!/bin/bash
    . /opt/novell/ncs/lib/ncsfuncs
    
    # Check the status of the secondary pool
    exit_on_error status_fs /dev/pool/ARCPOOL1 /opt/novell/nss/mnt/.pools/ARCPOOL1 nsspool
    
    # Check the status of the primary pool
    exit_on_error status_fs /dev/pool/POOL1 /opt/novell/nss/mnt/.pools/POOL1 nsspool
    
    exit_on_error status_secondary_ipaddress 10.10.10.38
    
    # Check the status of the primary volume. Do not check secondary volume.
    exit_on_error ncpcon volume VOL1
    
    # This line is added if Novell CIFS is used as an advertising protocol
    #exit_on_error rcnovell-cifs monitor
    
    exit 0
    
    1. Add a command to check the status of the secondary pool.

      # Check the status of the secondary pool
      exit_on_error status_fs /dev/pool/ARCPOOL1 /opt/novell/nss/mnt/.pools/ARCPOOL1 nsspool
      
    2. Do not add a check for the secondary volume.

    3. Click Apply to save your changes.

      The changes do not take effect until the shadow volume cluster resource is brought online.

  9. Click OK to save all your changes and return to the Cluster Manager page.

  10. Online the primary pool cluster resource. On the Cluster Manager page, select the check box next to the primary cluster resource, then click Online.

  11. Verify that the primary cluster resource is running by going to the Cluster Manager page.

    The primary cluster resource is Running.

  12. Verify that the shadow volume (VOL1) is mounted in NCP and is shadowed:

    1. On the first node in the cluster, log in to Novell Remote Manager for Linux as the root user.

    2. Select View File Systems, then verify that the secondary pool ARCPOOL1 and the NSS volume ARCVOL1 are listed under File Systems, but the secondary NSS volume is not listed under NCP Volumes.

    3. Select View File Systems > Dynamic Storage Technology Options, then verify that the primary volume is listed under Volume Information, and that its status is Shadowed.

    4. Select Manage NCP Services > Manage Shares, click NCP/NSS bindings, then verify that the NCP Accessible parameter is turned off for the secondary volume, and turned on for the primary volume.

      You can also look for the EXCLUDE_VOLUME entry in the /etc/opt/novell/ncp2nss.conf file.

  13. Continue with Section 15.7, Configuring Shadow Volume Policies for the Clustered DST Volume Pair.