11.4 Installing Virtualized NetWare

This section provides the instructions for installing NetWare 6.5 SP8 as a guest OS.

11.4.1 Preparing the Installation Media

You must use the DVD installation files to install a NetWare VM guest on a Xen VM host server. (Xen on SLES 10 doesn’t support CD swapping.)

The installation media must appear as a local disk to the virtual machine, but it can be physically located in either of the following locations:

  • On a DVD in the host’s physical DVD reader.

  • As the DVD ISO image file copied to the Xen VM host server desktop.

The following steps are for downloading to the VM host server’s desktop and can be adapted as necessary for the other locations listed above.

  1. Use the Firefox browser on the VM host server to access the Novell Open Enterprise Server 2 Downloand Instructions page and download the NW65SP8_OVL_DVD.iso file to the server’s desktop (or another location of your choosing).

  2. After the file downloads, if you are installing on an OES 2 SP3 VM host server by using a response file, continue with Step 3. Otherwise, skip to Section 11.4.3, Creating a Xen Virtual Machine and Installing a NetWare VM Guest Server.

  3. Click Open in the Firefox download dialog box.

  4. Sort the list of files by Location by clicking the column heading, then scroll to /LICENSE.

  5. Select the .NFK and .NLF files, right-click them, and select Extract.

  6. In the Extract dialog box, click Extract, then close the ISO file and the browser.

  7. Double-click the LICENSE folder on the desktop or other location that you chose in Step 1, select the two files you extracted and drag them to the desktop, then delete the LICENSE folder by dragging it to the Trash.

  8. Continue with Creating a Response File for an Unattended NetWare Installation.

11.4.2 Creating a Response File for an Unattended NetWare Installation

OES 2 SP3 includes a YaST-based NetWare Response File utility that asks you for information about the NetWare server you want to install. Basically, you answer the same questions as you would during a physical NetWare installation. When the time comes to run the NetWare Install program, the installation reads your responses from the file and proceeds without requiring further intervention.

  1. Open YaST and click Open Enterprise Server > NetWare Response File Utility.

  2. On the Select Install Type page, make sure the Hardware Type is set for Virtual. Do not change any other options. Click Next.

  3. Click Destination Address, specify a valid NetWare server name for the virtualized NetWare server, and specify the IP address you want the virtualized server to use.

    The IP address must be unique on the subnet just as it would be for a physical NetWare installation.

  4. Click Next.

  5. Click Destination eDirectory.

  6. Specify the name of the eDirectory tree and a context for this server object.

  7. In the Replica Server IP Address field, specify the IP address of the eDirectory server.

  8. In the User Information section, specify the admin information for the tree, then click Next.

  9. Click License, specify the eDirectory container where you want the NetWare license files stored (usually the Organization object), then click Next.

  10. Click Protocols.

  11. Specify the Subnet Mask and Gateway information for the subnet and click Next.

  12. Click Language, change the language settings if needed, then click Next.

  13. Click SLP Configuration.

  14. If your tree has more than three servers, you must specify valid SLP information before continuing. Otherwise, you can leave the page at the default settings.

    After you are finished with the page, click Next.

  15. Click DNS Configuration, specify the DNS information, then click Next.

  16. Click Time Zone Configuration, select your time zone options, then click Next.

  17. Click Time Sync Configuration.

  18. Leave the protocol set to TimeSync (do not select NTPv3), select Use TIMESYNC Configured Sources, specify the same time synchronization source as your eDirectory server uses, select NTP if applicable, then click Next.

  19. Click Install Settings, change the default settings if needed, add any needed SET parameters by clicking Edit, then click Next.

  20. Click Storage Configuration, adjust the default sizes if desired, then click Next.

  21. Click Pattern Selection, select the preconfigured server pattern you want installed, then click Next.

  22. If you selected Customized NetWare Server in Step 21, click Product Selection, select the services you want installed, then click Next.

  23. Click NMAS Configuration > Next > Next.

  24. (Conditional) Depending on what products you selected for the server, click the headings and enter the required information until all the configuration options have been completed for the response file.

  25. On the Save Response File page, specify a response filename, then browse to the directory where you stored your NetWare license files. (If you completed all of the instructions in Section 11.4.1, Preparing the Installation Media, the field should show a path that ends with a forward slash (/).

  26. If you want the VM Manager to launch automatically after you exit the Response File Generator, select Launch VM Manager.

    IMPORTANT:If the option is not selectable, the server isn’t running the Xen kernel. See Section 11.6, If VM Manager Doesn’t Launch on a Xen VM Host Server.

  27. Specify the location of the Installation Source by browsing to the DVD .iso file that you copied to the local server, then click Finish.

  28. Click Next.

  29. If you chose to automatically launch VM Manager in Step 26 above, click Forward and skip to Step 5. Otherwise, continue with Section 11.4.3, Creating a Xen Virtual Machine and Installing a NetWare VM Guest Server.

11.4.3 Creating a Xen Virtual Machine and Installing a NetWare VM Guest Server

  1. Open YaST, then click Virtualization > Create Virtual Machines.

  2. Read the Create a Virtual Machine welcome page, then click Forward.

  3. Select I need to install an operating system, then click Forward.

  4. Click the triangle next to NetWare, select Novell Open Enterprise Server 2 (NetWare), then click Forward.

    The Summary page appears, showing the settings to be used for the virtual machine.

  5. Click Name of Virtual Machine.

    Specify the name that you want displayed for this virtual machine in the Virtual Machine Manager.

    For example, you might specify hostname_vm, where hostname is the host name of the server you are installing.

  6. Click Hardware.

    Change the initial memory setting to at least 1024 MB and the maximum setting to as much as 8 GB, depending on the RAM available on your host server.

    Add additional virtual processors if desired.

  7. Click Disks.

    The Virtual Disks dialog box lets you create the virtual disks that the NetWare VM guest has access to. This includes the installation media if you are installing from a DVD on the host server or from an ISO image file copied to the host server’s storage devices.

    Initially, a 10 GB file is specified for the partitions/volumes on the virtual server. The default location of the file is /var/lib/xen/images.

    By default, this is a sparse file, meaning that although 10 GB is allocated, the size of the file on the disk is only as large as the actual data it contains. Sparse files conserve disk space, but they have a negative impact on performance.

    The NetWare install allocates 500 MB for a DOS partition and 4 GB for the sys: volume. The default disk size of 10 GB leaves about 5.5 GB for other partitions.

  8. If you want to change the location of the NetWare VM’s first virtual hard drive, select the default Hard Disk and click Edit. Then modify the path in the Server field to where you want the virtual disk located.

    Make sure that you specify enough physical disk space on the host server’s hard drive and partition to accommodate the maximum size of the virtual disk.

  9. If you want optimal performance, deselect the sparse file option. This creates a blank file of the selected size when you start the virtual machine installation.

  10. Click OK.

  11. If you are installing from a mounted DVD, click CD-ROM, browse to /dev/cdrom or /dev/dvd, then click Open > OK > Apply.


    If you are installing from a downloaded ISO image file, browse to the image file, then click Open > OK > Apply.

  12. If you want multiple virtual network adapters, click Network Adapters.

    Create virtual network adapters for the server.

    The default setting is a single paravirtualized network adapter.

  13. If you are installing on an OES 2 SP3 VM host and you created a response file that you want to use for the NetWare installation, click Operating System Installation and complete the following tasks:

    1. Click Find, then browse to and select the file you created in Section 11.4.2, Creating a Response File for an Unattended NetWare Installation.

    2. Click Open > Apply.

      The response file ’s path and filename should be displayed in the Automated Installation field on the Summary page.

  14. When you have the virtual machine settings the way you want them, click OK to proceed with the creation of the virtual machine and the installation of the virtual NetWare server.

    A VNC viewer window appears, displaying the progress of the NetWare install program.

    If you specified a response file, the installation uses the information you recorded in the response file. If a required parameter is missing in the response file, you are prompted to enter the desired values during the installation.

  15. If you did not specify a response file, you must do the following:

    1. Click inside the installation window to set the mouse pointer.

      The mouse is not used on the first few screens, but you must set it now. Otherwise, the mouse and the keyboard might not work as expected when the GUI pages appear.

    2. Enter all of the installation information as you would for a physical NetWare installation.

IMPORTANT:Do not close the VNC viewer window while the NetWare install program is running. Doing so prevents the installation from finishing properly.