2.3 Installing the NetWare 6.5 SP8 Virtual Machine

After preparing the virtualization host server, complete the following instructions. For complete information and instructions, see the Novell Virtualization Technology documentation Web site.

2.3.1 Disabling the Alt+Esc Shortcut on the VM Host Server

Alt+Esc is used on a NetWare server to switch between console screens, but on SLES 10 it moves between open windows. To provide the expected behavior for the virtualized NetWare server, you must disable the shortcut for SLES 10.

  1. On the host server as the root user, click Computer > Control Center.

  2. Click Personal > Shortcuts.

  3. Under the Window Management category, click Move between windows immediately, then press the Backspace key to disable the shortcut.

  4. Click Close.

  5. Close the Control Center.

  6. Continue with Downloading the NetWare ISO File.

2.3.2 Downloading the NetWare ISO File

You install NetWare from the DVD .iso file copied to the server’s hard drive.

  1. On the host server, click Computer > Firefox and access the NetWare 6.5 SP8 e Media Kit on the Novell Download Web site.

  2. On the evaluation page, click Proceed to Download.

  3. Log in using your Novell Account information.

  4. Click the Download button for the NW65SP8_OVL_DVD.iso file.

  5. Select Save to Disk and click OK.

    The file is saved to the desktop.

  6. After the file downloads, verify its integrity.

    1. Click Computer > Gnome Terminal.

    2. At the command prompt, enter cd Desktop.

      The terminal opens in the root user’s home directory (/root). The desktop is contained in a subfolder of /root named Desktop.

    3. Check the MD5 checksum value of the downloaded image file by entering:

      md5sum NW65SP8_OVL_DVD.iso

    4. Compare the displayed value against the value listed on the evaluation download page.

      If the values don’t match, you must download the file again until you get a matching checksum.

    5. Close the terminal by entering exit.

    6. You can also close the browser and the download dialog box.

  7. Continue with Creating a Virtual Machine and Installing NetWare.

2.3.3 Creating a Virtual Machine and Installing NetWare

  1. On the desktop, click Computer > YaST.

  2. Select Virtualization > Virtual Machine Manager.

    Notice that one virtual machine, Domain-0 (the OES 2 virtual machine host server) is already running.

  3. Use the information in the following table to create a second virtual machine and start the NetWare installation.

    Page Name


    Virtual Machine Manager

    1. In the list of virtual machines, select the localhost entry.

    2. Click New.

      The Create a Virtual Machine Wizard launches.

    Create a Virtual Machine

    1. Click Forward.

    Install an Operating System?

    1. Click Forward.

    Type of Operating System

    1. Click the expand icon next to NetWare, then select Novell Open Enterprise Server 2 (NetWare).

    2. Click Forward.


    1. Click Name of Virtual Machine.

    Name of Virtual Machine

    1. In the Name field, type LAB_NW_VM.

      It is easier to know which VM you are managing if it reflects the name of the server it contains.

    2. Click Apply.


    1. Click Hardware.


    1. If your server has more than 1 GB memory installed, increase the initial memory allocated to the VM by clicking the arrows.

      For example, if your server has 2 GB memory installed, you can easily increase the initial memory amount to 1024 MB.

    2. Click Apply.


    1. Click Disks.


    Initially, a 10 GB file is specified for the partitions/volumes on the virtual server. By default, this is a sparse file, meaning that although 10 GB is allocated, the size of the file on the disk will only be as large as the actual data it contains. Sparse files conserve disk space, but they have a negative impact on performance.

    The NetWare install allocates 500 MB for a DOS partition and 8 GB for the SYS: volume. The default disk size of 10 GB leaves about 1.5 GB for other partitions, which isn’t very much, although it is sufficient for the exercises in this guide.

    However, you allocated 25 GB for the /vm mount point on the server, so let’s allocate all of that to this virtual machine.

    1. With the default Hard Disk selected, click Edit.

    2. Modify the path in the Server field to be


      This creates the virtual machine files on the Ext2 /vm partition you created during the installation.

    3. In the Size field, replace 10.0 with 25.

    4. Deselect Create Sparse Image File.

      This dedicates 25 GB of physical disk space on the file system to the VM file and improves performance of the Virtual NetWare server.

    5. Click OK.

    6. Click CD-ROM.

    7. Click Browse, then navigate to and select the NW65SP8_OVL_DVD.iso file you downloaded to the desktop.

    8. Click Open.

    9. Click OK.

    10. Click Apply.


    1. Click OK.

      The virtual machine is created and the NetWare installation starts.

      This can take a few minutes or longer, depending on processor speed, memory, etc. Most of the time is required to prepare the 25 GB VM file. However, after the file is prepared, the VM will run much more efficiently than if it were using a sparse file.

  4. After the NetWare installation starts, use the following table to navigate the pages listed in the left column:

    IMPORTANT:Some of the instructions that follow assume you have a mouse attached to the server. If not, as you install, use the Tab key to select the options indicated, then press Enter to continue.

    Page Name


    NetWare Installation

    1. Click inside the installation window to set the mouse pointer.

      The mouse is not used on the first few screens, but you must set it now. Otherwise, the mouse and the keyboard might not work as expected when the GUI pages appear.

    2. Use the arrow keys to select a language, then press Enter.

    3. Modify the Regional Settings if desired, then select Continue and press Enter.

    4. Press F10 twice to accept the license agreements.

    5. Press the Down-arrow key to select Continue, then press Enter.

    6. Press Enter to

      • Create an 8 GB SYS: volume.

      • Begin copying files for the installation.

      As the files copy, notice the Run, Pause, and Shutdown options above the window displaying the installation. After the server is installed, they are activated, and you can then use them to manage the state of the virtual machine.

    Choose a Pattern

    1. Click Next.

      At the start of the installation you set the mouse pointer inside the window boundary. To free the mouse to move outside the window, press Ctrl+Alt. To start working in the window again, click inside it to set the pointer.


    1. Select

      • Apache 2 Web Server and Tomcat 4 Servlet Container

      • Tomcat 5 Servlet Container

      • Novell iManager 2.7.2

    2. Click Next.

    Novell iManager 2.7.2

    1. Click Yes.


    1. Click Copy Files.

    Server Properties

    1. Type LAB_NW for the server name.

    2. Click Next.


    1. Click IP.

      The installation process accesses the server.

    2. Click the first IP Address field, then type the IP address of the server. For example,

    3. Type the subnet mask for the address. For example,

    4. Type the router (gateway) address for the subnet. For example,

    5. Click Advanced.


    1. Click the SLP tab.

    2. In the DA Server 1 field, type the IP address of the SLP Directory Agent (DA), which is the first OES 2 server you installed in the getting-started lab. For example,

    3. In the SLP Scope List field, type Directory.

    4. Click OK.


    1. Click Next.

    Domain Name Service

    1. Type the DNS hostname associated with the IP address you just entered.

      In contrast to OES 2 servers, this can be different than the name used in eDirectory. Of course, you can choose to use the DNS name for NetWare servers in eDirectory in your production network. In this guide, however, the eDirectory server name is assumed to be LAB_NW.

    2. Type the domain name.

    3. Type at least one DNS name server IP address. For example,

    4. Click Next

    Time Zone

    1. Click the correct time zone for your area.

    2. Click Advanced.

    Time Synchronization

    1. Leave the protocol set to Timesync.

    2. Click Use Configured Sources.

    3. In the Time Source 1 field, type the IP address of the same reliable time source you specified for the OES 2 getting-started lab server (not the VM host server).

    4. Select NTP.

    5. Click OK.

    6. Click Next.

    eDirectory Installation

    1. Click Next.

    eDirectory Information

    1. Click the Tree icon.

    2. Browse to and select EXAMPLE_TREE.

    3. Click OK.

    4. Click the browse icon to the right of the Context for Server Object field.

    5. Browse to and select SERVERS (in COMPANY > LAB).

    6. Click OK.

    7. Click Next.

    eDirectory Login

    1. Click the browse icon to the right of the Name field.

    2. Browse to and select admin (in COMPANY).

    3. Click OK.

    4. Type the Admin user’s password.

    5. Click OK.

    NDS/eDirectory Patch Detection

    The warning doesn’t apply because you are installing into an eDirectory 8.8 tree.

    1. Click OK.

      The system checks time synchronization, extends the eDirectory schema, and installs an eDirectory replica on the virtualized NetWare server.

    eDirectory Summary

    1. Click Next.


    In this page you install the license included with NetWare 6.5 SP8. The software license doesn’t expire, but your evaluation period expires 90 days after you install the server. At that point you should either uninstall NetWare or purchase the OES 2 product. For more information, see NetWare 6.5 SP8 Includes MLA License Files in the NW 6.5 SP8: Licensing Services Administration Guide.

    1. Click the Browse icon to the right of the License Location field.

    2. In the Select a License dialog box, click the expansion dots to the left of NW65OS and then the dot to the left of LICENSE.

    3. Click the NLF file that appears in the right frame.

    4. Click OK.

    5. Click Next.

    MLA License Certificate Context

    1. Change the NDS Context for the license file to O=COMPANY. This makes this license available to any additional NetWare 6.5 servers you might choose to install in a different context in the tree, including any physical NetWare servers you install.

    2. Click Next.

    Novell Modular Authentication Service

    1. Click Next.

      It takes a few minutes for the installation to configure your OES 2 services. If you want to learn more about various OES 2 services (most of which we have not installed), you can read the information pages as the configuration process runs.

      You can install more services later if you want to experiment further.

    Reset Your Server Now?

    1. Click Yes.

  5. Close the Virtual Machine Manager windows by clicking the X on the upper right corner, or by right-clicking the title bar and selecting Close. The NetWare server continues to run.

    IMPORTANT:It is wise to keep Virtual Machine Manager open only while you are actively using it to manage the virtual machines on your host server. Otherwise, the manager incrementally consumes domain 0 memory and eventually causes out-of-memory errors. For more information, see Virtual Machine Manager in the Virtualization with Xen Guide guide.

  6. Continue with Section 3.0, eDirectory, Users and Groups, and Identity Services.