NW 6.5 SP8: NSS File System Administration Guide

  NW 6.5 SP8: NSS File System Administration Guide
    Overview of NSS
      Introduction to NSS
      Benefits of NSS
      Understanding NSS
      NSS Features and Capabilities
      Comparison of NSS to Other File Systems
      What’s Next
    What’s New
      What’s New for NSS (NetWare 6.5 SP8)
      What’s New for NSS (NetWare 6.5 SP7)
    Installing and Configuring Novell Storage Services
      Requirements for Installing NSS
      Installing and Configuring NSS on NetWare
      Installing and Configuring NSS on Linux
      Upgrading the Media Format for Hard Link Support
      Enabling Users for Linux Utilities and Services
      Updating NSS on OES 2 Linux
      Upgrading from OES 1 Linux to OES 2 Linux
      Updating the NSS Kernel Module (km_nss) for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server
    Upgrading the NSS Media Format
      Guidelines for Upgrading the Media Format of NSS Volumes
      Upgrading the Media Format for Existing NSS Volumes
      Upgrading the Media Format Automatically for New NSS Volumes
    Planning NSS Storage Solutions
      Guidelines for NSS Storage
      Compatibility and Interoperability Issues for NSS
      Creating NSS Storage Objects in eDirectory
      Naming NSS Storage Objects
      Access Control for NSS on Linux
      File Access for Users
      Antivirus Support for NSS
      Backup Support for NSS
      NSS Support for Memory Mapped Files
    Using NSS in a Virtualization Environment
      Guidelines for Using NSS in a Xen Virtualization Environment
      Installing OES 2 Linux on a Virtual Machine
      Initializing New Virtual Disks on the Guest Server
      What’s Next
    Cross-Platform Issues for NSS
      Cross-Platform Issues for NSS Pool Snapshots
      Cross-Platform Issues for NSS Volumes
      Cross-Platform Issues for NSS Features
      Cross-Platform Issues for File Access
      Cross-Platform Issues for Management Tools
    Cluster-Enabling Shared NSS Devices and Pools with Novell Cluster Services
      Cluster-Enabling NSS Pools and Volumes
      Guidelines for Cluster-Enabling NSS
    Management Tools for NSS
      Novell iManager and Storage-Related Plug-Ins
      NSS Management Utility (NSSMU) Quick Reference
      NSS Commands and Utilities
      Novell NetStorage
      Novell Remote Manager
      Novell Client
      Virtual File Services, APIs, and Scripts
    Managing Devices
      Understanding Devices
      Making Devices Available to EVMS (Linux)
      Viewing Devices on a Server
      Viewing Details for a Device
      Scanning for Devices (NetWare)
      Scanning for Devices (Linux)
      Initializing a Disk
      Sharing Devices for NSS Pools
      Viewing Partitions on a Device
      Viewing Pools on a Device
      Enabling Write-Through Cache Management on SCSI Devices and RAID Controllers (Linux)
      What’s Next
    Migrating NSS Devices from NetWare to OES 2 Linux
      Guidelines for Moving Devices Cross-Platform
      Moving Non-Clustered Devices From NetWare Servers to OES 2 Linux Servers
      Moving Non-Clustered Devices From NetWare 6.0 to OES 2 Linux
      Moving Non-Clustered Devices From NetWare 6.0 to NetWare 6.5 or OES NetWare
      Moving Clustered Devices with NSS Volumes Cross-Platform
      Upgrading NetWare 5.1 NSS Volumes and NetWare Traditional Volumes to NSS Volumes
    Managing Partitions
      Understanding Partitions
      Creating Partitions
      Viewing a List of Partitions
      Viewing Details for a Partition
      Labeling a Partition
      Deleting a Partition
      Adding Other Types of File System Partitions (Linux)
    Managing NSS Software RAID Devices
      Understanding Software RAID Devices
      Planning for a Software RAID Device
      Viewing a List of Software RAID Devices on a Server
      Viewing Details of a Software RAID Device
      Creating Software RAID Devices with iManager
      Creating Software RAID Devices with NSSMU
      Mirroring an Existing Pool with NSSMU
      Creating a RAID 1 Mirror to Duplicate Data
      Creating a Software RAID 10 with NSSMU (NetWare)
      Creating a Software RAID 15 with NSSMU (NetWare)
      Renaming a Software RAID Device
      Increasing the Size of a Software RAID Device
      Restriping a Software RAID 0 or 5 Device
      Replacing a Failed Segment in a Software RAID
      Deleting a Software RAID Device
      Viewing Pools on a Software RAID Device
      Viewing Partitions on a Software RAID Device
      Deleting Partitions on a Software RAID Device
      Managing Software RAID Devices with NSSMU
    Managing Multipath I/O to Devices (NetWare)
      Planning Your Multipath I/O Solution for NSS on NetWare
      Enabling Multipath
      Configuring the Primary Path and Priorities for Failover Connection Paths
      Viewing Connection Path Details
      Setting a Connection Path as Up or Down
      Setting the Primary Path for a Device to Its Default Path
      Resetting the Server Registry with Default Priority Settings for a Device
      Managing Multiple Paths with Server Console Commands
    Managing Multipath I/O to Devices (Linux)
      Understanding Multipath I/O on Linux
      NSS Errors When Linux Multipath Is Not Configured
      Configuring Multipath on Linux
    Managing NSS Pools
      Guidelines for Creating a Pool
      Creating a Pool
      Activating and Deactivating Pools
      Increasing the Size of a Pool
      Renaming a Pool
      Deleting a Pool
      Viewing Pools on a Server
      Viewing Pool Details
      Viewing Partition Information for a Pool
      Viewing Volume Information for a Pool
      Viewing Device Information for a Pool
      Preventing Pools from Activating on Multiple Servers
      Updating eDirectory Pool Objects
      What’s Next
    Verifying and Rebuilding NSS Pools and Volumes
      When to Use Verify and Rebuild
      Verifying and Rebuilding an NSS Pool and Its Volumes
      ReZIDing Volumes in an NSS Pool
    Managing NSS Pool Snapshots
      Understanding Pool Snapshots
      Guidelines for Using and Managing Pool Snapshots
      Creating a New Pool Snapshot
      Viewing a List of Snapshots for a Given Pool
      Viewing Pool Snapshot Details
      Renaming a Pool Snapshot (NetWare)
      Modifying the Stored-On Location for Snapshots
      Onlining or Offlining a Pool Snapshot
      Viewing and Managing an Online Pool Snapshot
      Restoring Data from an Online Pool Snapshot
      Deleting a Pool Snapshot
      Shredding a Deleted Pool Snapshot (NetWare)
      Using Commands to Manage Pool Snapshots (NetWare)
    Managing NSS Volumes
      Understanding Volume Properties
      Guidelines for NSS Volumes
      Creating Unencrypted NSS Volumes
      Configuring Encrypted NSS Volumes with NSSMU
      Updating eDirectory Volume Objects
      Viewing the Details of an NSS Volume
      Viewing Properties of an NSS Volume
      Modifying Attributes of an NSS Volume
      Modifying the NSS Volume Size
      Configuring the Name Space for an NSS Volume
      Mounting NSS Volumes with Linux Commands (Linux)
      Renaming an NSS Volume
      Renaming (Modifying) the Mount Point for an NSS Volume (Linux)
      Activating and Deactivating an NSS Volume
      Mounting and Dismounting an NSS Volume (Linux)
      Exporting NSS Volumes for NFS Access (NetWare)
      Exporting and Importing NSS Volumes for NFS Access (Linux)
      Deleting an NSS Volume
      Finding the Filename for a Given ZID
      Verifying or Rebuilding NSS Volumes
      Moving Volumes with DFS
      Splitting Volumes with DFS
      What’s Next
    Managing Encrypted NSS Volumes
      Understanding Encrypted Volume Support
      Security Considerations for Encrypted Volumes
      Creating an Encrypted Volume
      Mounting an Encrypted NSS Volume with NSSMU (Linux)
      Activating an Encrypted NSS Volume with NSSMU (NetWare)
      Mounting Encrypted NSS Volumes with NSS Commands (Linux)
      Activating Encrypted NSS Volumes with NSS Commands (NetWare)
      Dismounting an Encrypted NSS Volume with NSSMU (Linux)
      Deactivating an Encrypted NSS Volume with NSSMU (NetWare)
      Using Encrypted Volumes in a Server Cluster (Linux)
      Using Encrypted Volumes in a Server Cluster (NetWare)
      Removing Encrypted Volumes
      What’s Next
    Managing Removable Media (NetWare)
      Managing CDs and DVDs as NSS Volumes (NetWare)
      Activating and Deactivating ISO Image Files as NSS Volumes (NetWare)
      Activating and Deactivating DOS Partitions as NSS Volumes (NetWare)
      Mounting a USB Disk as a Local FAT Volume or NSS Volume (NetWare)
    Securing Access to NSS Volumes, Directories, and Files
      Configuring File System Trustees, Trustee Rights, Inherited Rights Filters, and Attributes
      Configuring the Security Equivalence Vector Update Frequency (Linux)
      Using Data Shredding to Prevent Access to Purged Files
      Enabling or Disabling LAF Audit Log Messages for Trustee Events (Linux)
      Controlling Access to the _admin Volume and Files.cmd (NetWare)
    Managing Data Integrity on NetWare Servers
      Enabling Flush Files Immediately to Write Data to the Disk on Close
      Using the Transaction Tracking System for Application-Based Transaction Rollback (NetWare)
      Using the File-Level Snapshot Attribute to Enable the Backup of Open Files
    Managing Compression on NSS Volumes
      Understanding Compression
      Configuring Compression for a Server
      Configuring a Volume for Compression
      Suspending Compression for Volumes or Files
      Disabling Compression for a Volume
      Restoring Data to a Uncompressed Volume
      Configuring Compression Preferences for Directories and Files
      Using NSS Commands to Configure and Monitor Compression
      Copying Compressed Files between Volumes with the NCOPY Command
      Viewing Compression Statistics with the NDIR Command
      Repairing Compressed Volumes with the Compfix Utility
      Backing Up Compressed Files
    Managing Space Quotas for Volumes, Directories, and Users
      Understanding Space Quotas
      Managing NSS Volume Quotas
      Managing Directory Quotas
      Managing User Space Quotas
    Salvaging and Purging Deleted Volumes, Directories, and Files
      Understanding the NSS Salvage System
      Configuring the Purge Behavior for NSS
      Enabling or Disabling the Salvage Attribute for an NSS Volume
      Viewing, Salvaging, or Purging Deleted NSS Volumes in a Pool
      Salvaging or Purging Deleted Files with iManager
      Salvaging or Purging Deleted Files with Other Tools
      Purging Deleted Files or Directories (NetWare)
    Managing Hard Links
      Understanding Hard Links
      Upgrading the Media Format for Hard Links Support
      Enabling or Disabling the Hard Links Attribute
      Creating a Hard Link Using Ln on a Linux Client
      Creating a Hard Link Using a zLink API
      Creating a Hard Link for Testing Purposes
      Viewing Hard Links for a File
      Deleting a Hard Link
      Deleting a Primary Link
    Managing Files and Folders on NSS Volumes
      Creating a Folder on an NSS Volume
      Deleting a File or Folder on an NSS Volume
      Uploading Files to an NSS Volume
      Downloading Files from an NSS Volume
      Viewing or Modifying File or Folder Properties
      Viewing or Modifying File Ownership
      Viewing, Adding, Modifying, or Removing a Directory Quota
    Managing Backup and Restore for Data and Trustee Information
      Using Novell Storage Management Services
      Using the Event File List to Refine the Backup
      Using METAMIG to Save and Restore Trustee Information on NSS and Linux POSIX File Systems (Linux)
      Using Extended Attributes (xAttr) Commands (Linux)
      Backing Up Files Without Altering the Access Time
      Additional Information
    Tuning NSS Performance on NetWare
      Do I Need to Tune NSS?
      NSS Tuning Guidelines
      Setting the Cache Balance
      Setting the Closed File Cache Size
      Setting the File and Buffer Flush Timers
      Setting the Name Cache Size
      Configuring NSS Extended System Memory
      Tuning NSS Write Performance on NetWare
    Tuning NSS Performance on Linux
      Tuning Cache Buffers for NSS on Linux
      Configuring High Memory Cache
      Configuring or Tuning Group I/O
    Monitoring the Status of the NSS File System and Services
      Monitoring Status of NSS Devices, Pools, and Volumes with iManager
      Monitoring Compression and Salvage Statistics
      Monitoring Quotas and Space Usage for NSS Pools and Volumes
      Monitoring File System Parameters
    Troubleshooting the NSS File System
      Cannot Connect to Target Servers from iManager
      Cannot Create an NSS Pool or Volume
      Cannot See NSS Devices, Pools, or Volumes
      Data Corruption Is Possible with Xen-Based File-Backed Block Devices on NetWare Virtual Machines
      eDirectory Errors When Creating NSS Pools or Volumes on Linux
      File Compression Is Not Working
      Linux Fails to Execute Dismount, Umount, or Delete Commands for NSS Volumes
      Multipath Devices Are Not Resolved
      NSS Takes Up to 10 Minutes to Load When the Server Is Rebooted (Linux)
      NSS Volume Disappears from the NCP Console (ncpcon) (Linux)
      Pathname Exceeds 255-Character Limit
      Problems Moving NetWare 6.5 NSS Pools to NetWare 6.0 Servers
      Server Hangs When Using an NSS Volume as a Netatalk Share
      Slow Mount Performance for NSS Volumes Using the UNIX Name Space (Linux)
      Software RAID 1 Fails to Recognize a Replacement Device
      Tuning NSS Volumes for GroupWise Servers
      Unknown Users as File Owners
      Using Scripts to Create or Manage NSS Pools and Volumes on Linux
    Security Considerations
      Security Features of NSS
      Preventing Unauthorized Access
      Securing Sensitive Information During Remote Management Sessions
      Protecting Data During Backup and on Backup Media
      Preventing Exposure of Sensitive Data in a Core Dump
      Preventing Exposure of the Encryption Password in a Log (Linux)
      Using Data Shredding to Prevent Unauthorized Access to Purged Files
      Protecting the Admin Volume and Files.cmd (NetWare)
      Acquiring Security Equivalence Vectors for NSS Users
      Protecting Modules Responsible for Security Equivalence Vectors (Linux)
      Controlling File System Access and Attributes for NSS Volumes
      Displaying Directory and File Attributes for NSS Volumes on Linux
      Security Best Practices for zAPIs
      Controlling Physical Access to Servers and Resources
      Securing Access to the Servers with a Firewall
      Creating Strong Passwords
    NSS Commands
      Using NSS Commands
      Help and Find Commands
      Access Time Command
      Background File System Checker Commands
      Cache Management Commands (Linux)
      Cache Management Commands (NetWare)
      Compression Commands
      Data Shredding Commands
      Daylight Savings Time Commands
      eDirectory Storage Object ID Commands
      Extended Attributes (XAttr) Commands (Linux)
      Event File List (EFL) Command
      File-Level Snapshot Commands
      Hard Links Commands
      I/O Monitoring Commands
      I/O Write Commands (Linux)
      I/O Write Commands (NetWare)
      LAF Audit Log Messages Commands (Linux)
      Load Commands for the nssstart.cfg File
      Low Storage Alert Messages Commands
      Migration Support Commands for Near-Line Storage
      Modified File List (MFL) Commands
      Multipath I/O Failover Commands (NetWare)
      Multiple Server Activation Prevention (MSAP) Commands
      noatime and atime Commands
      noatime and nodiratime Support for Linux open, mount, nfsmount, and /etc/fstab (Linux)
      Opportunistic Locking (Oplock) Commands
      Pool Freeze and Thaw Commands
      Pool Management Commands
      Pool Snapshot Commands (NetWare)
      Pool Verify and Rebuild Commands (NetWare)
      POSIX Permission Mask Command (Linux)
      Quotas Commands
      Read Ahead Blocks and Allocate Ahead Blocks Commands
      Removable Media Commands (NetWare)
      Salvage and Purge Commands
      Security Equivalence Vector Update Commands (Linux)
      Sendfile API Support Command
      Status Commands
      Transaction Tracking System (TTS) Commands (NetWare)
      Visibility Rebuild Command
      Volume Management Commands
      Upgrade Commands for NetWare 5.x or 6.x to NetWare 6.5
      ZID Commands
    NSS Utilities
      ABORT REMIRROR (NetWare)
      ATTRIB (Linux)
      CDDVD (NetWare)
      DISMOUNT (NetWare)
      FILER (NetWare)
      FLAG (NetWare)
      METAMIG (Linux)
      MIRROR STATUS (Netware)
      MOUNT (NetWare)
      NCOPY (NetWare)
      NSSCON (Linux)
      NSSUPDATE (Linux)
      RAVSUI (Linux)
      RAVVIEW (Linux)
      REBUILD (NetWare)
      REFRESHIDS (Linux)
      SET (NetWare)
      VERIFY (NetWare)
      VOLUMES (Linux, NCP Utility)
    Upgrading Legacy NSS and NetWare Traditional Volumes
      Migrating Legacy NSS Volumes and NetWare Traditional Volumes to OES Linux
      Copying and Upgrading Legacy Volumes with Volume Copy Upgrade
      Upgrading Legacy NSS Volumes
      Upgrading Legacy NSS Volumes in Clusters
    Using EVMS to Manage Devices with NSS Volumes (Linux)
      Installing Linux with EVMS as the Volume Manager on the System Device
      Using Linux POSIX File Systems and NSS Pools and Volumes on the Same Device
      Viewing Free Space Available to EVMS-Managed Devices
      Making Devices Available to EVMS
      Additional EVMS Documentation
    Using NSS on Devices Managed by Non-EVMS Volume Managers (Linux)
      FAQs About Using EVMS with NSS
      Guidelines for Using NSS with Non-EVMS Volume Managers
      Creating and Mounting NSS Pools and Volumes Using Linux Commands
      Configuring Default Mount Settings for NSS Pools and Volumes
      Expanding NSS Pools on Non-EVMS-Managed Devices
    Comparison of NSS on NetWare and NSS on Linux
    Comparison of NSS on NetWare and the NetWare Traditional File System
      Features of NSS and Traditional File Systems on NetWare
      SET Parameters Shared by NSS and Traditional File Systems
      SET Parameters for the NSS File System
      SET Parameters for the Traditional File System
      Comparison of Directory and File Attributes
    Comparison of NSS on Linux and NCP Volumes on Linux POSIX File Systems
    NSS Nomenclature
    Documentation Updates
      November 9, 2009
      December 2008 (NetWare 6.5 SP8)
      June 27, 2008
      May 14, 2008
      February 22, 2008
      January 14, 2008
      December 14, 2007
      November 14, 2007
    Legal Notices